An Overview of Communication process in a few words

The communication process is something we spend our whole lives doing. Unless we have a communication process, we are unable to perform any kind of activity. This phenomenon attracted the attention of philosophers and modern psychologists of the ancient world. To date, there is no single classification of the process of interpersonal and intergroup communication system. But we will cover the most common species.

Communication process

Communication Process Concept Map
Communication Process Concept Map

To facilitate analysis and streamlining, each element is divided into a communication part. There are three kinds of processes involved in construction, functions, and forms of communication:

  • Conversation is the act of communicating
  • Interaction – the exchange of activities
  • Awareness of one’s partner – Awareness of one’s own social situation

Psychology considers the specifics of these processes as societal/individual interactions, while sociology considers the use of communication in social activities. In addition, researchers sometimes write three on the psychological structure of communications functions:

  • Information and communication;
  • Control and transmitter;
  • Affected and communicative

In fact, all of these functions interconnect in the communication and distinguish a system of analytical and experimental research.

Levels of analysis of communication

Professor Boris Lomov, a renowned psychologist, identified three basic analyses of the speech information system used in psychology over the past century:

  1. Macro level: This level of study refers to the analysis of the mental development of a personality, over a period of time. This studies the relationship between an individual and other individuals and social groups.
  • Mesa level: At this level, generally, it is believed that communication consists of a set of logically finished interaction conditions. As such, the communication structure of a person is defined as a collection of logically completed interactions that can eventually change over time. Significance in mess level analysis depends on the content sections of the dynamics, steps, phonetic and nonverbal communication, as well as the content in which the communication takes place (such as “for what purpose”, “why”, etc.);
  • Micro level: This level refers to the analysis of elementary information, considered to be a specific interaction of behavioral actions (such as “question-answer”, as well as the subject’s attitude of communication to the received information).

Elements of Communication Process

Social psychologist Boris Parygin considered the relationship between two main elements as a process of communication: direct communication (meaningful), and indirect communication (formal interaction with content and forms).

Another Soviet psychologist Aleksey Bodalev identified three main components between the types and processes of communication:

  • Gnostic. It represents the cognitive side of communication;
  • Affected – emotional aspect;
  • Practical – the active part.

Communication, information transfer, and interaction are all processes influencing things that matter, even if their individual components are relatively:

  • Focused;
  • Intended content;
  • Exchange of information;
  • Participants in the conversation process;
  • The type of communication between topics of conversations;
  • The potential capacity of the individuals involved in the information process;
  • Gender characteristics of communication;
  • Style and information strategies;
  • The end result of the information process.

For the division of the communication structure, one needs to pay attention to the environmental role in which communication identifies:

The psychological process of communication

The psychological process of communication is a social condition. The presence or absence of additional people in the communication can affect the process. For example, unorganized people lose in the presence of unwanted people, and they may act strong and serious.

Final Word

An Effective Communication Process
An Effective Communication Process

Finally, the communication process completes with a complex combination of two close relationships with verbal and/or nonverbal inputs. They are external (behavior), expressed in the communicator’s conversational actions, as well as internal  (behavior and element value of communication). Sometimes, it is important to inspire confidence in the communicator


  • Ram

    Ram, the author of "Business Development: Perspectives" on Amazon Kindle, has a wealth of experience in business development across multiple industries. He has over 30 years of experience in commodities, FMCG, and software industries, and has held various leadership positions in these sectors. In the commodities and FMCG industries, Ram served as GM of Business Development for southern India, where he successfully established new businesses and expanded existing ones. In the software industry, he was Regional Director of Business Development for Asia, where he was responsible for expanding the company's presence in the region. Ram has a proven track record of turning around loss-making ventures and establishing successful businesses. Ram has also served as the Director of Industry Partnerships and IT Blog editor at a software company, showcasing his expertise in technology and industry partnerships.

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