15 Useful Basic Internet Terms You Need to Know

15 Useful Basic Internet Terms You Need to Know
15 Useful Basic Internet Terms You Need to Know

There are fifteen basic internet terms that every web savvy person should know while browsing internet. These internet terms are useful for every internet user.

The Internet is basically the largest, most organized network of small computer networks in every country worldwide. These networks and computers are all interconnected and share a vast amount of information through a protocol called TCP / IP, which allows computers to communicate with each other quickly and efficiently.

For more information about web history, read How the Web Began, What is the Internet, What’s the Difference Between the Web and the Internet, How to Get Started on the Web? .

15 Useful Basic Internet Terms You Need to Know
15 Useful Basic Internet Terms You Need to Know

01.  WHOIS

The acronym WHOIS stands for “WHO” and “is”. A WHOIS search may return the following information:

Whether or not a particular domain name is registered to an individual, organization, or business – Name, address and domain name owner phone number; Technical information about the registered domain or web server; Date of purchase and registration of the domain name; Email addresses; Also includes IP lookup, DNS lookup, domain search

02.  Password   

In the web context, a password is a set of letters, numbers, and / or special characters that combine to form a word or phrase intended to authenticate a user’s entry, registration, or membership on a Web site. Passwords that are easy to remember are the most useful, kept secret and deliberately unique.

03.  Domain

A domain name is a unique, character-based component of a URL. This domain name is available for registration with the domain registrar by an individual, business or non-profit organization. There are two components to a domain name.

First component is the original alphabetical word or phrase; For example, “widget”. The second component is the top-level domain name refers to what kind of site it is; for example, .com (for commercial domains), .org (organizations), .ed (for educational institutions).

Put these two components together and you have a domain name: “widget.com”.

04.  SSL

SSL acronym is Secure Sockets layer . It is a secure encryption web protocol. It keeps data safe when transmitted over the Internet. SSL is especially used on shopping sites to keep financial data safe but also on any site that requires sensitive data (such as a password). The presence of HTTPS in the URL of a web browser’s web site indicates that SSL is used on the web site.

05.  Crawler

The word crawler is another word for spider and robot. These are primarily software programs that crawl web and index site information for search engine databases.

06.  Proxy server

A proxy server is a web server that acts as a shield for other web servers, allowing them to hide relevant information (such as network addresses and locations) from websites and other network users. In the web context, proxy servers assist in anonymous surfing, as a proxy server acts as a buffer between search and targeted websites, allowing users to access data while remaining anonymous

07.  Temporary Internet files

Temporary Internet files are very important in the context of web search. Each web page visits a search visit data (pages, videos, audio, etc.) in a specific file folder on their computer hard drive. The next time it searches the web page, it loads quickly and efficiently because data has already been loaded from temporary Internet files rather than the web data server.

Temporary Internet files on your computer can eventually take up very little memory space, so it is important to clear them once.

08.  URL

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. A URL is a web address that is unique to each website.

09.  Firewall

A firewall is a security measure designed to prevent unauthorized computers, users, and networks from accessing data on another computer or network. Firewalls are particularly useful for web users since they can protect them from malignant spyware and cyber criminals while they are online.

10.  TCP / IP

TCP/IP is an acronym for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. TCP / IP are the basic protocols for sending data over the Internet.

11.  Offline

When you’re offline, you’re not connected to the Internet. For example, to refer to the word “offline” as something outside the Internet, for example, the conversation that started on Twitter continued in the local coffee shop, “offline”.

12.  Web hosting

Web hosting refers to the hosting space for active websites. A web hosting service provides space on a web server, as well as a direct Internet connection, so that the website can be viewed and communicated with those who have an Internet connection.

A web host is a business / organization that provides the space, storage, and connectivity to launch a website that the Internet users view. A variety of web hosting options are available, ranging from a simple one-page site to just a small amount of space.

Many web hosting companies provide a dashboard for users that allow them to control various aspects of their web hosting services; it includes FTP, various content management system installation and service package extensions.

A hyperlink, also known as the most basic building block of the World Wide Web, is a link that links a document, image, word, or web page to another. Hyperlinks allow to “surf” or browse, pages and information on the web quickly and easily.

14.  Web server

The term web server refers to a dedicated computer system or dedicated server designed specifically to host or deliver websites.

15.  IP address

Signature address / number of your computer connected to the Internet. Country-based blocks show these addresses so (for the most part) an IP address identifies the name that originates from the computer.


  • Ram

    Ram, the author of "Business Development: Perspectives" on Amazon Kindle, has a wealth of experience in business development across multiple industries. He has over 30 years of experience in commodities, FMCG, and software industries, and has held various leadership positions in these sectors. In the commodities and FMCG industries, Ram served as GM of Business Development for southern India, where he successfully established new businesses and expanded existing ones. In the software industry, he was Regional Director of Business Development for Asia, where he was responsible for expanding the company's presence in the region. Ram has a proven track record of turning around loss-making ventures and establishing successful businesses. Ram has also served as the Director of Industry Partnerships and IT Blog editor at a software company, showcasing his expertise in technology and industry partnerships.

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