Entrepreneurs, Here Is How To Understand Business Finance Basics

Accounting concept of budget
Accounting concept of budget

Entrepreneurs, here is how to understand business finance: take a deep breath, close your eyes, count to 10, and then open your wallet and watch your money fly away. Count your money, subtract your expenses, and if you still have a dollar, you’re a millionaire!

Cash flow issues have caused 82% of small business failures. One of the most common mistakes in business finance is poorly managing revenue and inventory costs. This can lead to debt issues and bankruptcy.

Therefore, knowing your business finances is key to achieving success as an entrepreneur. Familiarity with the fundamentals of business finance will help you make informed decisions about how to allocate resources, set financial goals, and ensure the long-term financial health of your business.

For instance, if you’re starting a business, you need to know how to create a budget and balance sheet to recognise the financial position of your business. Understanding the cost of goods sold and the cost of capital can help determine the profitability of a venture before investing.

Understanding business finance is like learning to drive a car. You can read the instruction manual and listen to your friends’ advice, but there is no substitute for getting behind the wheel and taking the journey yourself. It’s like learning to read a map. Once you know the basics, you can use it to navigate anywhere you need to go.

On the other hand, business finance is not always easy to grasp. For many entrepreneurs, it can be helpful to seek professional help to discover all the ins and outs of business finance. There are many resources available to help entrepreneurs follow business finance, including books, online courses, and articles.

What is business finance?

Business finance is the process of planning, managing, and controlling the monetary resources of a business. It includes the analysis of financial statements, the selection and use of financial instruments, and the management of financial risks.

First, familiarize yourself with terminology, such as cash flow, balance sheets, and income statements, so you can better understand what the numbers mean. Get the basics of accounting. This is important because these terms have specific meanings that describe the financial health of a company. Without knowing what they mean, it will be difficult to interpret financial data and make informed decisions regarding investments. Doing so will help you sense the financial health of your business and make more informed decisions.

However, it is also imperative to identify the limitations of financial statements. Financial statements can only give you a snapshot of your business at a particular point in time. They don’t show the big picture of your business, or how your business is really doing.

The 5 biggest financial challenges entrepreneurs face in business finance

These include raising capital, managing cash flow, dealing with taxes, obtaining insurance, and creating a budget. Raising capital is a necessity for entrepreneurs to be able to start and grow their business, while controlling cash flow ensures that the business stays afloat. Taxes need to be managed to ensure that the business is compliant with laws and regulations, while insurance is needed to protect the business from potential losses. Creating a budget helps entrepreneurs plan for their expenses and revenue streams.

These financial challenges can be difficult to overcome, but with a well-thought-out plan and the right resources, they can be conquered. Knowing cash flow and creating a budget are two of the biggest financial challenges entrepreneurs must face. For instance, a lack of capital is one of the most common problems entrepreneurs face. This can prevent them from investing in the necessary materials and resources to establish their business. Entrepreneurs often struggle to access capital, manage cash flow and find the right talent to help their business grow.

Facing financial challenges is like climbing a mountain – there are always going to be obstacles, but with the right strategy and preparation, you can reach the peak.

A simple financial term means a variety of things

For example, profit, a simple word, can mean a variety of things, from gross to net, operating to post-tax. Gross profit is the difference between the cost of goods sold and the revenue generated from the sale of those goods. Net profit is the amount remaining after all expenses have been deducted from gross profit. Operating profit is the amount left after operating costs have been subtracted from gross profit. Post-tax profit is the amount left after taxes have been deducted from net profit.

Start understanding the most commonly used financial terminology

This will help you to understand financial documents and reports, which are often filled with technical terms. Knowing the common terms will make it easier to understand how a company is performing financially and make informed decisions. By understanding these terms, you will be better equipped to make sound financial decisions in your business.

Common financial terms used in business include cash flow, income, assets, liabilities, equity, and budgeting, etc. Understanding these terms is essential for successfully managing any business.

 Familiarise yourself with the common financial terms used in business in the following table.

Common financial terms
Common financial terms


Entrepreneurs are people who start and run their own businesses. They are often considered to be risk-takers, and they typically invest their own money into their businesses. Having a grasp of the most pertinent financial terms can help entrepreneurs to make informed decisions when it comes to investments, loans, and other financial matters. They can also use this knowledge to confidently negotiate deals with investors and lenders.

This is because financial terms are often used to describe business transactions and investments. It is imperative for entrepreneurs to be able to interpret these terms so that they can make informed decisions about their businesses. To gain a better grasp of these terms, entrepreneurs should research and familiarize themselves with the language of finance.

For instance, knowing the difference between an equity investment and a debt investment is critical for entrepreneurs to make a wise decision when it comes to raising capital. Entrepreneurs should know what accounts receivable and accounts payable are, as well as the difference between equity and debt financing.

However, it is also critical for entrepreneurs to realise the tax implications of their business decisions. Financial terms and tax implications are two different but equally significant aspects of running a business. It’s like trying to learn a foreign language; you need to practice regularly and stay engaged to truly master the language

Read other articles on business here.


  • Ram

    Ram, the author of "Business Development: Perspectives" on Amazon Kindle, has a wealth of experience in business development across multiple industries. He has over 30 years of experience in commodities, FMCG, and software industries, and has held various leadership positions in these sectors. In the commodities and FMCG industries, Ram served as GM of Business Development for southern India, where he successfully established new businesses and expanded existing ones. In the software industry, he was Regional Director of Business Development for Asia, where he was responsible for expanding the company's presence in the region. Ram has a proven track record of turning around loss-making ventures and establishing successful businesses. Ram has also served as the Director of Industry Partnerships and IT Blog editor at a software company, showcasing his expertise in technology and industry partnerships.

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: